ISSN: 2791-7460
Volume : 3 Issue : 1 Year : 2023

Articles are Open Access and Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

GEOGRAPHIES, PLANNING & TOURISM STUDIOS - GPT-Studios: 3 (1)
Volume: 3  Issue: 1 - JUNE 2023
COVER
1.Cover
GPT STUDIOS
Page I

EDITORIAL
2.Editorial
Emine Cihangir, Kbra Cihangir amur, Mehmet eremet
Page II

FULL ISSUE
3.Full Issue
GPT STUDIOS
Pages 1 - 75
Abstract |Full Text PDF

RESEARCH
4.A Mode of Space Production in the Nineteenth Century: Parceling (fraz) as a Method of Land Commodification and Urbanization in Late Ottoman Empire
Burcu Arkan
doi: 10.5505/gpts.2023.83997  Pages 7 - 23
This thesis deals with a specific method of space production which is called ifraz. Ifraz means dividing a larger piece of land into smaller, and this method may be implemented in various ways depending on the context. This study will focus on parceling empty suburban areas to commodify nature and sell and transform agricultural forests, gardens, and yards into built areas. I will briefly demonstrate the literature on urban history, land, property, and infrastructure to base my findings on ifraz and urbanization. Through a more extensive set of the archival scan, ifraz, in general, will be demonstrated as an intensified type of space production in the nineteenth century, accelerating significantly with the Tanzimat Edict.

5.Mula Karabalar Yaylasnn Kadim retim ve Peyzaj Deerlerinin Dnya Kltrel Peyzaj Alanlar erevesinde Deerlendirilmesi
Hatice Cansu Cesur, Emel Karakaya Ayalp
doi: 10.5505/gpts.2023.68077  Pages 24 - 39
Bu almann amac Mula Karabalar Yaylasnn bir yar-krsal kltrel peyzaj alan, mikro iklim reten yaps ve bir hassas ekosistem niteliklerine sahip olmas erevesinde UNESCO Dnya Kltrel Peyzaj Alanlar Miras Kriterleri kapsamnda deerlendirilmesidir. almada niteliksel karlatrmal analize dayal olarak dnyadan ve Trkiyeden seilen ve UNESCO Dnya Kltrel Peyzaj Alanlar Miras Listesinde yer alan iki vaka ele alnmtr. Ayrca, aratrmada Katlmc Gzlem Tekniine de yer verilmitir. Dolaysyla, bu aratrmada hassas bir ekosistem, zgn kltrel ve mimari kimlie sahip bir yaam ve tarmsal retim alan olan Mula Karabalar Yaylas niteliksel olarak UNESCO Dnya Kltrel Peyzaj Alanlar Miras Listesine olas adaylk srecinde hangi kriterler nda aday konumundadr sorusuna cevap aranmtr. almada, Dnya Kltrel Peyzaj Alanlar Miras Listesinde yer alan Honghe Hani Pirin Teraslarnnn Kltrel Peyzaj/Manzaras ve Diyarbakr Kalesi ve Hevsel Bahelerinin seilme kriterleri dorultusunda yorumlanarak Mula Karabalar Yaylasnn olas adaylk sreci iin karmlarda bulunulmutur. Aratrma sonular gstermitir ki Mula Karabalar Yaylas rettii mikro klima, kltrel peyzaj, yerel biyoeitlilik, endemik trler, tarmsal biyoeitlilik ve krsal mimari tipolojisi nitelikleri ile UNESCO Dnya Kltrel Peyzaj Alanlar Miras Listesine adaylk bakmndan potansiyele sahiptir.

The aim of this study is to evaluate Mula Karabalar Plateau in the scope of Cultural Landscapes of the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List criteria with the Plateaus semi-rural cultural landscape specificities, micro-climatic qualifications, and sensitive ecosystem character. In the study, two cases, which are included in the Cultural Landscapes of the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List, are selected from the World and have been discussed with Qualitative Comparative Analysis Technique. Thus, in the research, the answer to the question of which criteria are sought in the possible candidacy process of Mula Karabalar Plateau, as a sensitive ecosystem, a living and agricultural production area with a unique cultural and architectural identity, to Cultural Landscapes of the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List are relevant? is asked. In the research, the Cultural Landscape of Honghe Hani Rice Terraces and Diyarbakr Fortress and Hevsel Gardens, which are included in the Cultural Landscapes of the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List, are interpreted in accordance with the selection criteria. In this respect, the inferences were made for the possible candidacy of Mula Karabalar Plateau. The results of the research reveal that Mula Karabalar Plateau has a valuable potential for Cultural Landscapes of the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List candidacy with its micro climatic conditions, cultural landscape, local biodiversity, endemic species, agricultural biodiversity, and rural architectural typology.

6.Gastronomi Turizminin ehir Pazarlamasna Etkisi: skdar Gastronomi Soka stanbul li rnei
zlem Yldrm, Eren Altunba, Ouzhan Tnmaz, Hakan Ylmaz
doi: 10.5505/gpts.2023.04706  Pages 40 - 49
Gastronomi turizmi, destinasyonlarn ekiciliini artrmann yan sra merak edilen yerel mutfak kltrlerini yakndan tanma frsat bulmada da nemli bir rol oynamaktadr. Trkiye, gastronomi turizmi asndan farkl kltrlerin bir arada yaad ve her ehrin kendine has mutfa olan bir lke olarak tanmlanabilir. Bu almada gastronomi turizmi ve ehir pazarlamas ilikisi literatr tarama yntemiyle incelenmi ve stanbul ilinde yer alan skdar Gastronomi Soka hakknda detayl bilgi verilmitir. Yaplan gzlem sonrasnda, 2022 ylnda faaliyete balayan ve 250 metre uzunluundaki skdar Gastronomi Caddesinde toplam 63 iletmeye ulalm olup ile bunlardan 31nin gastronomi iletmesi olmad ve 32sinin ise gastronomik rnleri barndran iletmeler olduu tespit edilmitir. Aratrma sonucunda, Gastronomi Sokann olumlu ve olumsuz ynleri incelenmi, sonu ve neriler sunulmutur.

Gastronomy tourism plays an important role in increasing the attractiveness of destinations, as well as having the opportunity to get to know the curious local cuisine cultures closely. In terms of gastronomic tourism, Turkey can be defined as a country where different cultures coexist and each city has its own cuisine. In this study, the relationship between gastronomy tourism and city marketing was examined by the literature review method and detailed information was given about skdar gastronomy street in the city of Istanbul. After the observation, the number of businesses in skdar Gastronomy Street, which started operating in 2022 and is 250 meters long, has been reached, and it has been observed that 31 businesses are not gastronomy businesses in the street with a total of 63 businesses, and 32 businesses are businesses that host gastronomic products. As a result of the observation, the positive and negative aspects of the Gastronomy Street were examined and the results and suggestions were presented.

REVIEW
7.A Systematic Review of Multidimensional Urban Poverty and Deprivation Indicators
Mehdi Roshani, Kbra Cihangir amur
doi: 10.5505/gpts.2023.03511  Pages 50 - 69
According to the World Bank, in 2018, approximately 9.2% of the world's population, or around 689 million people, lived in extreme poverty, defined as living on less than $1.90 per day. The United Nations' Sustainable Development Goal aims to eradicate extreme poverty by 2030. Rapid population growth can strain limited resources and infrastructure, especially in low-income areas. Insufficient access to basic services and inadequate housing can exacerbate poverty and deprivation. Additionally, urbanization, often driven by population growth, can result in the concentration of poverty in densely populated urban areas, further exacerbating social exclusion and inequality, and also deprivation. Poverty and deprivation are closely related concepts that are often used interchangeably, but they have slightly different meanings.
Measuring poverty and deprivation in cities serves multiple important purposes, such as aiding in the development of effective policies, allowing for efficient allocation of resources, and assessing social and economic inequalities. To analyze how scientific literature is addressing the measurement of deprivation to tackle such urban challenges, a systematic review following the PRISMA guidelines was performed in the Web of Science and Scopus databases. After screening following the inclusion criteria, 49 studies were identified in order to analyze multidimensional poverty and deprivation indicators in urban contexts. Among these selected studies, most of them were utilizing Alkire-Foster (AF) method for measuring and evaluating the non-monetary dimension of poverty. This review also highlighted that there appears to be a gap in the measures of urban deprivation domains and indicators in these articles.

8.Women Entrepreneurship in Tourism Industry; General Outlook of Turkey
Ozlem Ozdemir
doi: 10.5505/gpts.2023.07279  Pages 70 - 75
Tourism continues to grow and has been perceived as a fertile sector for entrepreneurial initiatives. The importance of women in business life as an entrepreneur has become a significant phenomenon in recent decades. Over the past decade, although women entrepreneurs have gained more education and experience and the more women are entering male-dominated occupations, the integration of women into positions of authority within business organisations has achieved only limited success. Due to a predominance of small firms and relatively low entry barriers have led to tourism entrepreneurs being premised on its potential to empower women and providing opportunities specifically for women entrepreneurs (Figueroa-Domecq, Jong and Williams, 2020). According to United Nations (UN) Woman in Tourism report, the majority of the tourism workforce worldwide is female; 54 per cent of people employed in tourism are women compared to 39 per cent in the broader economy. A high proportion of women are employed in the tourism area. However, their function in the sector is dominated by unskilled, low-paid jobs. In this study, women entrepreneurs position in Turkey has been examined briefly in order to show their existence by considering their obstacles and challenges.

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