ISSN: 2791-7460
Volume : 3 Issue : 1 Year : 2023

Articles are Open Access and Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

A Mode of Space Production in the Nineteenth Century: Parceling (fraz) as a Method of Land Commodification and Urbanization in Late Ottoman Empire [GPT-Studios]
GPT-Studios. 2023; 3(1): 7-23 | DOI: 10.5505/gpts.2023.83997

A Mode of Space Production in the Nineteenth Century: Parceling (fraz) as a Method of Land Commodification and Urbanization in Late Ottoman Empire

Burcu Arkan
Independent Researcher, stanbul

This thesis deals with a specific method of space production which is called ifraz. Ifraz means dividing a larger piece of land into smaller, and this method may be implemented in various ways depending on the context. This study will focus on parceling empty suburban areas to commodify nature and sell and transform agricultural forests, gardens, and yards into built areas. I will briefly demonstrate the literature on urban history, land, property, and infrastructure to base my findings on ifraz and urbanization. Through a more extensive set of the archival scan, ifraz, in general, will be demonstrated as an intensified type of space production in the nineteenth century, accelerating significantly with the Tanzimat Edict.

Keywords: Parceling, Urbanization, Ottoman Urban History, fraz

Burcu Arkan. A Mode of Space Production in the Nineteenth Century: Parceling (fraz) as a Method of Land Commodification and Urbanization in Late Ottoman Empire. GPT-Studios. 2023; 3(1): 7-23

Corresponding Author: Burcu Arkan, Trkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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