ISSN: 2791-7460
Volume : 3 Issue : 2 Year : 2023

Articles are Open Access and Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

GEOGRAPHIES, PLANNING & TOURISM STUDIOS - GPT-Studios: 3 (2)
Volume: 3  Issue: 2 - 2023
COVER
1.Cover Page
Mehmet eremet
Page 76
Abstract |Full Text PDF

EDITORIAL
2.Editorial
Mehmet eremet, Emine Cihangir, Kbra Cihangir amur
Pages 76 - 82
Abstract |Full Text PDF

FULL ISSUE
3.Full Version of the December Issue
Mehmet eremet
Pages 76 - 175
Abstract

RESEARCH
4.An Ethnographic Research on Slow Food Movement: The Case of Germiyan Village in eme/zmir
Merve Zengin, Mehmet eremet
doi: 10.5505/gpts.2023.46320  Pages 83 - 96
Bu aratrmann temel amac, Germiyan Ky'nde turizmin Slow Food Hareketi araclyla geliimini ve tarm toplumundan hizmet reten turizm kyne dnm srecini etnografik adan eletirel bir biimde incelemektir. Bu balamda yerel halkn bu srece ynelik deneyimleri ve gnlk yaam pratikleri nitel bir paradigmayla analiz edilmektedir. Nitel verilerin toplanmasnda Germiyan kynde yaayan 42 kiiyle yz yze derinlemesine grmeler ve 2018-2019 yllar arasnda drt ay sren etnografik gzlemlerden yararlanlmtr. Bu aratrma kapsamnda eitli sonular ortaya karlm olup bunlardan en nemlisi Slow Food Hareketi'nin turizmin gelimesine ve eitlenmesine nemli katklar salad ve yerelde nemli frsatlar yarattdr. Ancak Slow Food ky olarak srdrlebilir hale getirilemeyecei noktasnda metalaan yerel kltrel deerlerin ortak hedeflerin nne getii, metann bir pazarlama arac olmaktan kp bir ama haline geldii sonucuna varlmtr. Bu durumun sonucunda Slow Food Hareketi'nin temel ilkelerine uymamakta ve bazlarnn ders karabilecei bir baarszlk srecine doru ynelmektedir. Bu baarszlk srecini ortadan kaldrmak amacyla yerel halkn edindii bilginin sosyo-kltrel birikimiyle yeniden retilmesi ve srdrlebilir turizm odana dntrlmesi konusundaki baar rnekleri de tespit edilmitir.
The main purpose of this research is to critically examine the development of tourism in Germiyan Village through the Slow Food Movement and the process of transformation from an agricultural society to a service-producing tourism village from an ethnographic perspective. In this context, the experiences and daily life practices of the local people towards this process are analysed with a qualitative paradigm. Face-to- face in-depth interviews with fourty-two people living in Germiyan village and four months of ethnographic observations between 2018 and 2019 years were utilised to collect qualitative data. Within the scope of this research, various results have been revealed, the most important of which is that the Slow Food Movement makes significant contributions to the development and diversification of tourism and creates important opportunities locally. However, at the point that it cannot be made sustainable as a Slow Food village. It has been concluded that commodified local cultural values override common goals, and the commodity has become a goal rather than a marketing tool. As a result of this situation, it does not comply with the main principles of the Slow Food Movement and is directed towards a failure process which might some people learn some lessons. In order to eliminate this failure process, success examples of the reproduction of the knowledge gained by the local people with their socio- cultural accumulation and its transformation into a sustainable tourism focus have also been identified.

5.Evaluation of Spatial Change in Cooperative Housing: The Case of Afyonkarahisar
zlem Kurtulu, Berna G
doi: 10.5505/gpts.2023.20592  Pages 97 - 113
Toplumlardaki sosyal, kltrel, teknolojik ve politik deiimlerden etkilenen ve ekillenen konut, zaman zaman bir sorun haline gelmi ve bu sorununun zm iin farkl dnemlerde farkl konut trleri ortaya kmtr. Kooperatif konutlar bu soruna sunulan nemli zmlerden biridir. Bu konut tr bir konut sorununa zm olmasnn yan sra dnemin konut tasarm anlayn ortaya karmada da nemli bir rnek tekil etmektedir. Bu almada bir Anadolu kenti olan Afyonkarahisar'da 1970-2000 yllar arasnda ina edilen 20 kooperatif konutu zerinde incelemeler yaplmtr. Afyonkarahisar kentinde kooperatif konut geliiminin Trkiye'deki dier byk kentlerle karlatrld ve kltr bal altnda mahremiyet kavramnn vurguland bu almada, plan tipolojilerindeki farkllk grnrlk grafii analizi ile incelenmektedir. Sonu olarak konut sorununa zm olarak balayan konut kooperatiflerinin Afyonkarahisar ilinde Ankara'dan 20 yl farkla, ancak benzer dnemlerle takip edildii tespit edilmitir. Bu almada ayrca kat planlarndaki zel/kamusal ayrm analiz edilerek, camekan kaplar ve sirklasyon diyagramlar zerinden mahremiyet kavram aratrlmtr. Sonu olarak seilen rnekler kapsamnda, Afyonkarahisar'daki konut kooperatiflerinde 1980 ylndan sonra camekan kap kullanmnn daha az yaygnlat, sirklasyon emas kapsamnda ise ortak ve zel alanlarn ayrlmas salanarak sadece misafirler iin deil, evin kullanclar arasnda da bir ayrtrmann yapld grlmtr.
Housing, which is affected and shaped by social, cultural, technological and political changes in societies, has become a problem from time to time, and different types of housing have emerged in different periods to solve this problem. Cooperative housing is one of the important solutions offered to this problem. In addition to being a solution to a problem, this type of housing constitutes an important sample in revealing the housing concept of the period. In this study, investigations were made on 20 cooperative houses built between 1970-2000 in Afyonkarahisar, an Anatolian city. In this study, in which the development of cooperative housing in Afyonkarahisar city is compared with other big cities in Trkiye and the concept of privacy under the title of culture is emphasised, the difference in plan typologies is examined with visibility graph analysis. In conclusion, it has been determined that housing cooperatives, which started as a solution to the housing problem, are followed in Afyonkarahisar city with a 20-year difference from Ankara but with similar periods. This study also investigated the concept of privacy through camekan doors and circulation diagrams by analysing the private/public distinction in the floor plans. As a result, it was observed that the use of camekan doors was less common in the housing cooperatives in Afyonkarahisar after 1980, and in the context of the circulation scheme, there was a privatisation not only for guests but also among the users of the house by ensuring the separation of common and private areas.

6.Competitiveness Analysis of iftehan Hot Springs within the Scope of Thermal Tourism
Seluk Avderen, Mehtap Eter
doi: 10.5505/gpts.2023.08108  Pages 114 - 125
Salk turizminin alt bileeni olan termal turizm, zellikle fizik tedavi gerektiren rahatszlklarda, ameliyat gerektirmeyen arsz ve alternatif kr uygulamalar ile blgelerin kalknmasnda nemli rol oynamaktadr. Termal turizmde; mevsimsellik zellii olmamas, 20 dereceden daha yksek su scakl olmas, uzun sreli konaklama imkn sunabilmesi ve romatizmal hastalklarn tedavisi iin ileri ya turistlerin daha ok tercih etmesi termal turizmi dier turizm trlerinden farkl klarak, talebi giderek artrmaktadr. Bu nedenle Trkiye termal turizm asndan nemli bir merkez konumundadr. Bu almada, Nide'nin Ulukla lesi'ne bal iftehane Kaplcalarnn, Micheal Porter'n elmas modelinden yararlanlarak termal turizm asndan rekabet analizi yaplm ve rekabet gc tespit edilmeye allmtr. Bu kapsamda birincil ve ikincil veri kaynaklarndan yararlanlmtr. almann birincil verileri Nisan-Mays 2023 tarihleri arasnda toplanmtr. 12 turizm iletmesini temsilen birer kii, kamuda alan kii, blgede bulunan esnaflardan be kii olmak zere toplam 20 kii ile grme yaplmtr. Her bir grme yaklak 45 dakika srmtr. Grmelerden elde edilen bulgulara dayal olarak yaplan analiz sonucunda, iftehan'n termal turizm alanndaki rekabet gcnn orta dzeyde olduu belirlenmitir. Son olarak iftehan'n rekabet stnl elde etmesi iin eitli neriler sunulmutur.
Thermal tourism, a sub-component of health tourism, plays a significant role in the development of regions, especially in cases requiring physical therapy, with non-surgical, painless, and alternative treatment applications. Therefore, Turkey holds a significant position as a center for thermal tourism. Thermal tourism's independence from seasonal constraints, having a water temperature higher than 20 degrees Celsius, the ability to provide long-term accommodation, and the preference of older tourists for the treatment of rheumatic diseases distinguish thermal tourism from other types of tourism. Therefore, it sets thermal tourism apart and gradually increases the demand for it.This study applies Porter's diamond framework to thermal tourism. The competitive advantage of iftehan hot springs in Ulukla District of Nide was tried to be determined by making a competitive analysis. In this context, primary and secondary sources of data were examined. The primary data collection for the study collected between April and May 2023, involving interviews with a total of 20 individuals. These interviews included one representative from 12 tourism businesses, three individuals from the public sector, and five people from local tradesmen in the region. Each interview lasted approximately 45 minutes. Based on the analysis of findings from these interviews, it was determined that iftehan's competitiveness in the field of thermal tourism is at a medium level. In conclusion, various recommendations have been proposed to assist iftehan in enhancing its competitive edge in the realm of thermal tourism.

7.Bibliometric Analysis of Articles on Natural Disasters and Tourism
Vedat Yiitolu
doi: 10.5505/gpts.2023.25743  Pages 126 - 139
Bu aratrmann amac, doal afet ve turizm konularn birlikte dikkate alan bilimsel almalarn mevcut durumunu ve deiimini kapsaml bir ekilde ortaya koymaktr. Elde edilen sonular, doal afet konusunun turizm asndan daha iyi anlalmas bakmndan nemlidir. Aratrma verileri doal afet*/doal tehlike* ve turizm/arlama anahtar kelimeleri kullanlarak belirlenmitir. Veri analizi bibliyometrik analizle gerekletirilmitir. Yazndaki birok bibliyometrik almadan farkl olarak en popler veri tabanlar olan Web of Science ve Scopus veri tabanlar birlikte kullanlmtr. Bu kapsamda belirlenen makaleler yayn yl, yazar, atf, kaynak, lke ve anahtar kelime bakmndan incelenmitir. Aratrma sonunda toplam 722 makale olduu, son be ylda yayn saysnn kat artt belirlenmitir. Aratrma konular bakmdan deerlendirme yapldnda son yllarda iklim deiikliiyle birlikte karanlk turizm, dayanakllk ve destinasyon konularnn n plana kt ortaya kmtr. Bununla birlikte doal afet ve turizm konusunda nemli bir lke olan Trkiyede yaplm aratrma saysnn ok az olduu anlalmtr. Aratrma sonular dorultusunda aratrmaclar, merkezi yneticiler ve turizm sektr temsilcileri iin karmlar yaplmtr.
The aim of this research is to comprehensively reveal the current status and change of the scientific articles that have taken into account the natural disasters and tourism topics. The results are important for a better understanding of natural disasters in terms of tourism. The data was collected using the keywords "natural disaster*/natural hazard*" and "tourism/hospitality". Bibliometric analysis was performed for data analysis. Different from many bibliometric studies in the literature, Web of Science and Scopus databases, which are the most popular databases, were used together. In this context, the articles were analyzed according to publication year, author, citation, source, country and keywords. At the end of the analysis, it was revealed that there were 722 articles in total and the number of publications increased approximately three times in the last five years. When evaluated in terms of research topics, it was determined that dark tourism, resilience and destination issues have become to the forefront with climate change in recent years. However, it was understood that the number of studies conducted in Trkiye, which is one of the most important countries about natural disasters and tourism, is very limited. Based on the findings, some implications have been provided for researchers, central administrators and representatives of the tourism sector.

8.Determination and Comparison of the Land Cover Types in the Aegean Region According to Globalcover 2021 and Corine 2018 Data
Mehtap Bayrak
doi: 10.5505/gpts.2023.73745  Pages 140 - 157
Fiziki faktrlerin (jeoloji, jeomorfoloji, iklim, hidrografya, toprak zellikleri ve bitki rts) etkili olduu arazi rts dalm zerinde ekolojik faktrler, sosyo ekonomik zellikler ve insan kkenli antropojenik deikenler de etkili olmaktadr. almada Ege Blgesinde, Avrupa Uzay Ajans tarafndan (ESA) retilen WorldCover uydu verisi ve Avrupa evre Ajans tarafndan hazrlanan 2018 CORINE verileri kullanlarak blgedeki arazi rts dal zellikleri tespit edilmi, ayr veri tabanndan hazrlanan iki farkl arazi rts tiplerinde karlatrma yaplmtr. WorldCover verisi 10 metre znrlkteki Sentinental-2 uydu grntsnden hazrland iin arazi rtsnn dalmn detaylandrmas bakmndan tercih edilmitir. Bu alma farkl veri tabanndan retilen uydu grntlerine bal arazi rts ilikisinin belirlenmesi ve karlatrmal analizinin yaplmas amacyla hazrlanmtr. Arazi rts tiplerini etkileyen faktrler aklanmaya allmtr. Analizler sonucunda Ege Blgesi arazi rts trlerinin tespit edilmesinde kullanlan farkl iki verinin saysal sonularnn blge ve iller baznda uyum salamad gzlemlenmitir. ki verinin de farkl znrlkte olmas ve belirlenen arazi rts tr saylarnn farkllk gstermesi saysal ktlarn ve haritalardaki arazi rtsnn alansal dallarnn da farkllamasna neden olmutur. Blgede arazi rts tiplerinin dalnda Jeomorfoloji bata olmak zere, iklim zellikleri, hidrografya ve nfus zellikleri etkili olmutur.
Landforms in the Aegean Region vary in the west-east and north-south directions at short distances. The difference in morphological structure has diversified the land cover and revealed different land use types. Global, regional and local factors affecting land cover have also shown variability in the Aegean Region. Physical factors (geology, geomorphology, climate, hydrography, hydrography, soil properties and vegetation cover) are effective on land cover distribution and ecological factors, socio-economic characteristics and anthropogenic variables of human origin are also effective on land cover distribution. In this study, the land cover distribution characteristics in the Aegean Region were determined by using the WorldCover satellite data produced by the European Space Agency (ESA) and the 2018 CORINE data prepared by the European Environment Agency (EEA), and a comparison was made in two different land cover types prepared from separate databases. Since the WolrdCover data was prepared from the Sentinental-2 satellite image with a resolution of 10 metres, it was preferred in terms of detailing the distribution of land cover. This study was prepared to determine and comparatively analyse the land cover relationship based on satellite images produced from different databases. Factors affecting land cover types were tried to be explained. As a result of the analyses, it was observed that the numerical results of two different data used in determining the land cover types of the Aegean Region were not harmonised on the basis of region and provinces. The different resolution of the two data and the difference in the number of land cover types determined caused the spatial distribution of the land cover in the numerical outputs and maps to differ. Geomorphology, climate, hydrography and population characteristics, especially geomorphology, have been effective in the distribution of land cover types in the region.

REVIEW
9.Regional Success of Turkish Tv Series in Promoting Turkey
Eser apk, Murat Ali Dulupu
doi: 10.5505/gpts.2023.46855  Pages 158 - 175
Dnyada ABDnin ardndan en nemli dizi ihracats konumunda olan Trkiyenin dizi ihracat, son yllarda Orta Doudan Avrupaya Afrikadan Gney Amerikaya kadar uzanan geni bir corafyaya ulamtr. Yksek retim deeri, youn ve genellikle srkleyici hikayeleri, aile, dostluk ve ak gibi evrensel temalar ele ald cesur hikye anlatm, corafi snrlarn tesindeki izleyicilerde yank uyandran dnceli ierikler, yksek yapm kalitesi, seyircinin merakn canl tutan olaylar zinciri zerine kurulmas, oyuncularn bir araya gelmesinden oluan sinerji, karakterlerin tasarm, dizilerin duygulara dokunmas gibi Trk dizilerinin baar sebepleri olarak deerlendirilebilir. Trk dizileri, zellikle Ortadou, Balkanlar ve Trk dilinin konuulduu Asya lkelerinde ok popler olurken, tarihsel balar, ortak gelenekler ve paylalan kltrel kimliklerle de birok farkl blge ile de yaknlk kurmaktadr. Nitekim Trkiyenin kltrnden doan, birbirinden farkl kltrlere sahip yakn ve uzak birok corafyada derin etkiler brakan, dou bat sentezi oluturan Trk dizileri araclyla Trkiye, nemli bir turizm merkezi haline gelme baars gstermitir. Nitel aratrma yntemlerinden literatr taramasndan yararlanlan bu almada Trk dizilerinin baars drt ayr blge halinde tm detaylar ile ele alnarak, dizilerin ihra edildii blgelerin lke turizmine etkisi deerlendirilmitir. alma bu ynyle ele alnan dier almalara k tutma zelliine sahiptir.
As the most important TV series exporter in the world after the USA, Trkiye's TV series exports have reached a wide geography extending from the Middle East to Europe, from Africa to South America in recent years. High production value, intense and often exciting stories, brave storytelling that deals with universal themes such as family, friendship and love, thoughtful content that resonates with audiences beyond geographical borders, high production quality, a chain of events that keep the audience's curiosity alive, the synergy created by the actors coming together, the design of the characters, and the emotional touch of the series can be considered as the reasons for the success of Turkish TV series. While Turkish TV series have become very popular especially in the Middle East, the Balkans and Asian countries where the Turkish language is spoken, they have also established proximity with many different regions through historical relations, common traditions and shared cultural identities. As a matter of fact, Trkiye has succeeded in becoming an important tourism centre through Turkish TV series, which are born out of Trkiye's culture, leave a deep impact on many geographies near and far with different cultures, and create an East-West synthesis.In this study, which utilizes literature review as one of the qualitative research methods, the success of Turkish TV series is discussed in four different regions in detail and the impact of the regions where the TV series are exported on the country's tourism is evaluated. In this respect, the study has the feature of shedding light on other studies.

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