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Analysing Climatic Characteristics for the Suitability of Some Tourism Types in the case of Erzurum City Centre [GPT-Studios]
GPT-Studios. 2021; 1(1): 32-41 | DOI: 10.5505/gpts.2021.65375

Analysing Climatic Characteristics for the Suitability of Some Tourism Types in the case of Erzurum City Centre

Sleyman Toy
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey

According to United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO), tourism offers all over the world cultural, environmental and social (peace and security) benefits, as well as provides employment (creating jobs), economic growth and development. Tourism accounted for 1/10 of jobs created in the world, 10% of the Worlds GDP (1.6 trillion by 2030 1.8 US Dollars), 7% of all exports, and 30% of all service exports in the world in 2017. Tourism grows the fastest with oil, food and automotive industries all over the world by increasing the number of destinations and income sources of most developing countries and supporting several sectors from construction to agriculture or telecommunications. In such a vitally important sector, competition among destinations is inevitable and its economic contribution is related to the service quality and the high revenues. In such a high competition, every type of potential or resource is given to the benefit of the tourism sector and used in promotional materials even, marketing and branding efforts e.g. quality of the snow cover or sun and beaches. Climate characteristics are vitally important for tourism to ensure both loyalty and branding and incomes. For nearly 50 years several climate indices on tourism have been developed to show the advantages of climatic characteristics at a given tourist destination. This study aims to analyse the climate of Erzurum city, a winter destination, through Climate and Tourism Information Schemes (CTIS) based mainly on bioclimatic comfort conditions as well as effective climatic parameters on tourism differently from other indices. Results show that even though bioclimatic comfort values address extreme cold stress in the winter tourism season, the area is suitable for winter tourism when considering other climatic parameters. It can be stated as a conclusion that a unique tourism climate index to Turkey should be developed by taking into account the prevalent tourism types mainly winter and 3 S tourism.

Keywords: Tourism, climate, Climate and Tourism Information Schemes (CTIS), Erzurum, Turkey

Sleyman Toy. Analysing Climatic Characteristics for the Suitability of Some Tourism Types in the case of Erzurum City Centre. GPT-Studios. 2021; 1(1): 32-41

Corresponding Author: Sleyman Toy, Trkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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